Smart City

Generations of Smart City

FindItMore | Smart cities are grabbing spotlight in the modern-day world. Tech companies, state-sponsored agencies, entrepreneurs, and civil society, all are keenly interested in smart cities.

The reason lies on the fact that smart cities don’t provide residents with tech savvy lifestyle only, but offer lucrative investment opportunities. With passing days, smart cities are developing more and more, evolving state-of-the-art technologies.

Smart cities appear to progress from one generation to another through developments. Read along to discover how smart cities develop and advance from one generation to the next one:

The First Generation

The first and foremost generation of smart city was technologically driven. Many tech companies including IBM and multinational firms applauded an idea for smart cities, approving the transformation of traditional lifestyle into technologically driven one.

The tech-centric vision of smart cities had given way to more suitable environment that was tempting to the entrepreneurs and technological innovators. These cities hold potential to expand job opportunities, improving overall economy of a country. In the initial phase, tech companies encourage residents to adopt most up-to-date digital solutions.

Companies including Cisco and Living PlanIT support future city visions. Primarily, a smart city aims to create dynamics where cities can communicate with residents.

The Second Generation

The city led 2nd generation smart cities had offered unbiased mayors along with city administrators who take lead to determine future of a smart city.

The second-generation smart cities were led by cities rather than the tech providers. The city administrators focus more on tech solutions, improving quality of life. Many countries including Barcelona have 2nd generation smart cities.

Barcelona offers about 20 smart cities along with 100 active smart cities’ projects. Barcelona has leveraged various technological opportunities, introducing public Wi-Fi, lightening fast transits, electric vehicle charging infrastructure. The 2nd generation smart cities had improved lifestyle for residents largely.

The 3rd Generation

Considering the latest generation of smart cities, tech-driven and city-led approaches are now following citizen’s co-created model. The third generation smart cities focus more on issues of equity and social life. The sharing cities offer conditions that give way to sharing activities.

However, some companies including Airbnb and Uber aren’t consistent with vision of 3rd generation smart cities. Projects including Repair Cafes, tool lending library, and bike-sharing service optimize resources significantly, improving lifestyle of the citizens.

How do Smart Cities Progress?

Some smart cities always stay in same generation due to lack of technological development. Many times, city administration hesitates in adapting chaotic and democratic practices that are included in 3rd generation smart cities. City administrators should embrace leading-edge broadband infrastructure, wireless communications, and Internet of Things to progress.

Smart cities need to be innovative and detect residents’ needs before city administrators identify them. Above all, smart cities need to treat citizen’s more than just ordinary recipients of services, embracing them as participants in a model that offers quality-rich lifestyle.


To enhance lifestyle, society, and economy, smart cities need to follow a well-planned development strategy. Smart cities will continue to emerge and new generations will come up with advanced offerings. People expect to see astounding technological developments in future.



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